Cosmetic botox – botulinum toxin type A – is a protein produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. It is purified and moderated so that it can be used safely in beauty procedures.
Botulinum toxin type A has been used for therapeutic purposes for over 20 years, for the treatment of strabismus, torticollis, facial spasm and blepharospasm.
Subsequently, botulinum toxin came to be used in the cosmetic treatment of expression wrinkles, under the name of Botox.
When injected into a specific area, botox blocks the transmission of nerve impulses from the nerves to the facial muscles responsible for expression wrinkles. Thus, the affected muscle no longer contracts and relaxes, causing the skin to stretch.
The substance can be used:
- for forehead wrinkles;
- for frown lines between the eyebrows;
- for crow's feet;
- to correct excessive elevation of the upper lip (gummy smile);
- for bunny lines (the lines that form on the sides and along the bridge of the nose);
- for the chin, to prevent dimpling;
- to block the masseter muscles and slim the face;
- to block excessive sweating of the palms, soles, armpits;
- to lift the neck area.